Sabbath School Summary
Judgment on Babylon
Lesson 12
Memory Text: Revelation 18:4, 5

SATURDAY: Many miracles will be wrought, the sick will be healed, signs and wonders will go forth, but it would not be from God. Before her collapse, Babylon will engage herself in “demonic activities” just to mimic God (Rev. 16:13, 14). An earthquake (withdrawal of political support) will split Babylon into three parts (Rev. 16:18, 19) causing its collapse—before that, she’ll go to deceive many as a harlot (Rev. 17:1-11).

SUNDAY: Babylon will play the harlot in her doings; she’ll first unite with kings and governing political powers—“a union of church and state” (Isa. 1:21, Jer. 3:1-10), and then unite with the citizens of the world—“the governed masses”. These two groups are made to drink the wine (heresies) of Babylon till they’re intoxicated—hence, they’re easily controlled (Rev. 17:2; 14:8; 18:2, 3, Rev. 17:1; Jer. 51:13).

MONDAY: Though Babylon will unite with the beast, she’ll be the dominant power—depicted in the harlot (Babylon) riding (controlling) the scarlet beast (secular and political powers), read Rev. 17:3-6. The harlot adorn herself in jewelries to seduce the world (Jer. 4:30). The scarlet (color of blood) depicts oppressiveness , and her quest to mimic the priestly dress (Exod. 28:5, 6). She conceals error in the vessel of the Lord (Dan. 5:2-4).

TUESDAY: The harlot Babylon drunk with the blood of the saints is the sea beast—the papacy that led the execution of faithful Christians in the past (Rev. 17:3; 13:5-7; 12:13, 14). The name of the scarlet beast (“the one that was, and is not, and will ascend…”) is a counterfeit to God’s name (“who is and who was and who is to come”, Rev. 1:4; 4:8). Thus, the scarlet beast existed, but received a deadly wound, which was later healed (Rev. 17:8; 13:8; 13:3).

WEDNESDAY: Rev. 17:9-11 opens with a call for “wisdom” (James 1:5) in order to grasp its meaning. The seven heads are seven mountains which symbolizes the seven kings—civic, secular, and political powers that Satan used to oppose God; probably, 1. Egypt 2. Assyria 3. Babylon 4. Medo-Persia 5. Greece 6. Pagan Rome 7. Papal Rome. Revelation only deals with systems not individuals (Jer. 51:25; Ezek. 35:2, 3; Dan. 2:37-39; 7:17).

THURSDAY: The ten horns of the beast are ten kings (Rev. 17:12-15; 16:14-16). Howbeit, we’re not given the identity of the ten kings. What is clear is that they’re short-lived political powers that will support the harlot in the final battle just before Christ comes. Yet, these ten kings later rebels against the beast—they feel deceived when Babylon is unable to protect them from the plagues (Rev. 17:16-18; 16:2-12; Jer. 4:30).

FRIDAY: God still has people in Babylon. Before the visitation of His divine wrath on Babylon, a last warning goes forth to call His people out of Babylon so that they shall not partake of her sins (Rev. 18:4). It’s the duty of God’s end-time church to call His people out from Babylon—apostate religious system, in order to escape God’s wrath (2 Pet. 3:9). Many shall heed this call and shall be saved (Rev. 19:1-10).


“Many waters”/ Scarlet beast/ Mountains- They’re three different symbols for the civic, secular, and political powers that will provide popular support to Babylon as the end-time apostate religious system.

Mountains- “The Greek word oros means “mountain,”not “hill,” as some translators suggest in order to allude the city of Rome, situated on seven hills to the seven mountains in Rev. 17:9, Wednesday’s Lesson.

The Scarlet Beast- According to John, it’s an eighth world power although it is one of the seven heads (world powers). Possibly, it is from the seventh head that received a deadly wound. The eighth power emerges when the deadly wound is totally healed.


SUNDAY- The Harlot Babylon
MONDAY- The Harlot Riding On The Scarlet Beast
TUESDAY- The Identification Of The Scarlet Beast
WEDNESDAY- The Seven Heads Of The Beast
THURSDAY- The Judgment Of Babylon

Discussion Questions

📌 As Revelation 18:4 shows, there are many God-fearing people in Babylon whom God calls “ ‘my people.’ ” Reflect on the following statement: “This message must be given, but while it must be given, we should be careful not to thrust and crowd and condemn those who have not the light that we have. We should not go out of our way to make hard thrusts at the Catholics. Among the Catholics there are many who are most conscientious Christians, and who walk in all the light that shines upon them, and God will work in their behalf. Those who have had great privileges and opportunities, and who have failed to improve their physical, mental, and moral powers, . . . are in greater danger and in greater condemnation before God than those who are in error upon doctrinal points, yet who seek to live to do good to others.”—Ellen G. White, Evangelism, p. 575. What should this thought tell us about how to treat others?

📌 Revelation 17 describes a harlot sitting on a scarlet beast. While the woman in chapter 12 symbolizes God’s faithful church, the one in chapter 17 refers to an apostate church seducing the world away from God. In your view, what are the similarities and differences between them? More important, what can we learn from this comparison?

📌 The texts this week portray a very dismal state of the religious and political world during the final stages before Christ’s victorious return. What should this tell us about why it’s so important right now that we stay faithful, true, and pure to the message that God has given us? Read Revelation 16:15, an appeal for faithfulness amid the depiction of worldwide apostasy. How can we apply this warning to ourselves right now?

For March 16-22. Happy Sabbath.


1,376 thoughts on “Judgment on Babylon