Sabbath School Summary
Mercy and Justice in Psalms and Proverbs
Memory Text: Psalm 82:3, 4
SATURDAY: True practical wisdom have their source in the book of Proverbs while the book of Psalms covers “spiritual experiences” in the form of prayers and hymns. Psalms deals with our relationship with God while Proverbs focus on human relationships. God cares about us and plans to alleviate injustice in our world. He bids us to minister to the needs of the poor, oppressed & forgotten in society.
SUNDAY: God is well acquainted with our grief. There is no tear or sigh that escapes Him. Psalms offers hope for the oppressed. While injustice seems to triumph over mercy and the power of God, there are still songs of hope that calls us to have faith in God. Amid the tensions and evil, God will end all injustices. He will hear the cries of His people, restore them and judge evildoers (Ps. 9:7-9, 13-20).
MONDAY: Israel should have done better! As victims of slavery, there were not to oppress others but they exploited the needy. Leaders and judges were selfish and failed to protect the ordinary man. There is a cry for God to do something (Ps. 82). God, the Supreme Judge will judge the leaders and judges who took bribes to exploit the poor. All; oppressed & oppressor are subject to God & should imitate Him (PK, p. 198).
TUESDAY: David took lessons from the life of Saul who lost his way. In his early reign as king of Israel, He vowed to be a better leader (Ps. 101). At home, work, church, or at school, we influence others. We should take counsel from the song of David and be better role models to others. The vow of David should be our vows (CT, p. 119). In leading others, we should first honor God but practicing His principles.
WEDNESDAY: The conclusion of the book of Psalms is marked with praise. God’s care and love for the poor and oppressed is the reason for this praise (Ps. 146). God is our strong tower of defense, our helper, judge, healer and liberator. The Psalm invites us to partner with God in being the hope of the hopeless & voice of the voiceless (Ps. 146:5-9). God visit the poor & needy through us (7T, p. 226).
THURSDAY: Life is complex. In trying to life a better & godly life many make an utter failure. The book of Proverbs guides us on how to live (Prov. 10:4; 13:23, 25; 14:31; 15:15, 16; 19:15, 17; 30:7-9). God has not set us as judges of others, all He bid us to be good to them. He’s the Creator & Defender of all (Prov. 22:2, 22, 23). We ought to honest & fair also (Prov. 14:5, 25; 16:11-13; 17:15; 20:23; 28:14-16).
FRIDAY: “It is the spirit of self-confidence and self-exaltation that prepared the way for David’s fall.” “Sin can bring only shame and woe, but that God’s love and mercy can reach to the deepest depths.” When David repented, God adopted him back as His son. The world is indebted to the law of God and the godly principles spelt out in the book of Proverbs. God’s Word draws sinners back to His mercy.
—Ellen G. White, “The Last Years of David,” pp. 746-755, in Patriarchs and Prophets; C. S. Lewis, “ ‘Judgment’ in the Psalms,” pp. 15-22, in Reflections on the Psalms. Education, p. 137.
PK- Prophets and Kings
3T- Testimonies for the Church, Volume 7
SUNDAY- Psalms: Songs of Hope for the Oppressed
MONDAY- “Do Something, God!”
TUESDAY- A King’s Promises
WEDNESDAY- Walking With The Lord
THURSDAY- Proverbs: Mercy on the Needy
📌 In what ways would you consider yourself a leader or in a position of influence? How can you be an agent of justice in that aspect of your life?
📌 Think about the culture and social structures of the place where you live. In what way can you work within the existing system to better the lot of those in need?
📌 Why are the principles of justice and fairness so important for building a strong society?
📌 While the book of Proverbs is focused on wisdom for living well, what does it tell us about what God is like?
Entire Lesson Summary
Psalms and Proverbs are two books particularly tuned to the challenges of living faithfully amid life’s common experiences and trials. Both offer insights into God’s vision for society and His special concern for the poor and oppressed. The cry of the Psalms and the wisdom of Proverbs are that God does notice and will intervene to protect those too often ignored or exploited. And if that’s what God’s about, it’s what we should be about, as well.
Happy Sabbath. For July 20-26.